Definition: The Group Development means, forming the association of people to work as a group and direct their actions towards the accomplishment of a common goal. It is often called as a team building or team development. The most famous and a well-known model of group development was proposed by Bruce Tuckman , that included four stages Viz, forming, storming, norming, performing and later the fifth stage adjourning was added to this model. The most dominant group members come in the front while the confrontational members remain silent and continue to be in the security or calm stage forming. The issues related to the leadership, responsibility, strategies, rules, authority, evaluation, reward system, etc.
Five Stage Model of Group Development
Understanding Group Process | VISTA Campus
No team is able to hit the ground running with a project upon their first meeting. Instead, they go through a complex process that involves the 5 stages of group development:. The stages of group development in organizational behavior and management are a theory of team development — a group-forming model that consists of 5 distinct stages. According to this stages of group development model, each group or team is likely to go through the following connected 5 stages during their joint work:. Image 1: Stages of group development diagram.
Tuckman's stages of group development
There are five stages of group development. However, not all groups reach all stages of development. The stage which many groups do not necessarily reach is the Performing stage. It is possible that a group never develops past Storming, but this will often be either a dysfunctional group or a group in extreme chaos and stress. During the Forming stage, members of the group are generally trying to get to know one another and feel accepted into the group.
In organizational development OD , the phrase group process refers to the behavior of people in groups, such as task groups that are trying to solve a problem or make a decision. An individual with expertise in group process , such as a trained facilitator , can assist a group toward accomplishing its objective by diagnosing how well the group is functioning as a problem solving or decision making entity and subsequently intervening to alter the group's operating behavior. Because people gather in groups for reasons other than task accomplishment, group process occurs in other types of groups such as personal growth groups e. Even in such cases, an individual with expertise in group process can be helpful in the role of facilitator. This list includes, but is not limited too: acceptance , behavioral rehearsal , changing member's perspectives of themselves, changing member's perspectives of the world, catharsis , extinction , role modeling , learning new coping strategies , mutual affirmation , personal goal setting , instilling hope , justification , normalization , positive reinforcement , reducing social isolation , reducing stigma , self-disclosure , sharing or "opening up" , and showing empathy.