The chapter evaluates the effectiveness of federalism in the quest for national integration in Nigeria. Fear of inter-ethnic domination is a glaring political problem in Nigeria. British colonial policy failed to integrate the diverse Nigerian peoples. The chapter shows that federalism has been an effective instrument for national integration and the protection of ethnic minorities in Nigeria.
FEDERALISM AND NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
List of ethnic groups of Africa - Wikipedia
Today, many of these ethnocultural groups want to secede and form their own independent polities in order to have more autonomy over policies that affect their well-being, including especially their cultural and traditional values. The struggle by these groups for either outright secession or so-called enhanced rights has created many challenges for governance, national integration and nation-building in many countries in Africa today. Throughout the continent, inter-ethnic conflict, for example, over the allocation of scarce resources, has produced sectarian violence that has led to civil wars as occurred in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, and Nigeria and significantly endangered prospects for peaceful coexistence. It has been suggested that the solution to this political quagmire is the creation of differentiated citizenship rights for each of these groups. The paper suggests that of the three types of differentiated citizenship that have been suggested as a way to accommodate diversity—self-government rights, polyethnic rights, and special representation rights—self-government rights pose the greatest threat to social, political, and economic stability in the African countries. The solution to this governance challenge may lie in inclusive and robust dialogue, which can help these groups find a way to remain citizens of their present polities, while at the same time, retaining their cultural identities. London, UK: Penguin,
Ethnicity and Identity Crisis: Challenge to National Integration in Nigerian
Among several related phenomena, this study presents as its focal points the examination of some of the variables that influence and shape the structure of sociopolitical, cultural and socioeconomic relations in the course of national integration in Nigeria. The exploitation of petroleum resources since in the Niger Delta has largely influenced the course of the political as well as the socioeconomic development of Nigeria. Due to its rich petroleum resources, the Rivers territory ranked high in the political calculus of both the Federal Government and secessionist Biafra.
Ethnicity and National Integration in West Africa. In: Cahiers d'tudes africaines. Many writers on West Africa whether academic or popular assert that there is currently conflict between tribalism and natio nalism which threatens the stability of the new West African nations In fact the relationship between tribalism and natio nalism is complex Although ethnicity tribalism is in some res pects dysfunctional for national integration prime objective of nationalist movements it is also in some respects functional Discussion of the presumed conflict might be clarified by discussing this hypothesis in some detail Before doing so it should be noted that we deliberately use the term ethnicity in preference to triba lism and we shall preface our remarks by carefully defining our use of the term ethnicity In traditional rural setting an individual is member first of all of family and then of tribe.